iCCM in Uganda is currently considered to be in a stage of expansion. CHWs in Uganda are locally known as community medicine distributors (CMDs) or volunteer health teams (VHTs). The VHT strategy aimed to deploy about five VHT members in each village, who cover 25-30 households. The VHTs are trained and supported to deliver or promote the use of preventive interventions, particularly immunization, hand washing, optimal complementary feeding, insecticide treated nets and intermitted preventive treatment of malaria during pregnancy. The District Health Team has clinical supervisory responsibility for VHTs (including training and medicine supply), while community leaders are responsible for coordination and any non-technical administration. VHT members work on a volunteer basis, but receive incentives and monthly stipends. As of 2010, VHTs were established in 75% of Uganda’s districts.
1. MCHIP. Child Health Country Profile: Uganda. Washington, DC: 2012.
2. The Republic of Uganda Ministry of Health, UNICEF, and World Health Organization. Integrated Community Case Management of Childhood Malaria, Pneumonia and Diarrhoea: Implementation Guidelines. Kampala, Uganda: 2010.
Year of Introduction
Identification and treatment of diarrhea (with ORS and zinc), pneumonia (with antibiotics), malaria (with RDTs and ACTs), and malnutrition
55 of 56 districts (as of 2012)
Name for Service Provider
Community medicine distributor (CMD), and volunteer health team member (VHT)