iCCM in Rwanda is currently considered to be in a stage of expansion. In Rwanda, CHWs are central to the MOH’s Community Health Strategy. As of July 2012, there were 45,011 CHWs in Rwanda, collectively tasked with providing a comprehensive package of preventive, curative, and health promotion services at the village level. Each village elects two CHWs, one male and one female (binôme), who are trained to provide community case management and act as liaisons with the health facility serving their village. There are several other cadres of health workers active in the community, including Maternal Health Workers and Palliative Care Workers. All CHWs are responsible for behavior change communication on health promotion and disease prevention related to their area of practice but the natural focus is on curative activities.
Year of Introduction
Identification and treatment of diarrhea (with ORS and zinc), pneumonia (with antibiotics), malaria (with mRDTs and ACTs), and malnutrition (moderate)
All 30 districts
Name for Service Provider
Community health worker (CHW) and binôme (female)