iCCM in Ethiopia is currently considered to be in a stage of expansion. The core of the national Health Extension Plan (HEP) is the construction of health posts in all of the estimated 15,000 kebeles, or villages, in Ethiopia and the training and assignment of two health extension workers (HEWs) in each health post. Overall, the HEP is designed to deliver 16 packages of services including health promotion, immunization, family planning, hygiene and sanitation and other disease prevention measures, and a limited number of high-impact curative interventions, in order to address the main causes of maternal, neonatal and child morbidity and mortality. Two female HEWs in each kebele (the lowest administrative unit, covering about 5,000 people) provide HEP services. HEWs are recruited locally, trained for one year, formally employed and salaried. According to a 2012 report by UNICEF, 11,754 HEWs had been trained in iCCM.
Year of Introduction
Identification and treatment of pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria, malnutrition (moderate), ear infections, anemia, eye infections, thrush; provide Vitamin A, deworming; provide information on HIV exposure and infection, immunization status
Health posts in all 15,000 villages
Name for Service Provider
Health extension worker (HEW)